Plant Cell City Answers

Functions of Parts of the cell

Function / December 20, 2018

both cells have a membrane on the outside, and cytoplasm and a nucleus inside. In the plant only are the cell wall, vacuole, and chloroplast.All living things are made up of cells. The structures of different types of cells are related to their functions.

Animal cells and plant cells have features in common, such as a nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria and ribosomes. Plant and algal cells also have a cell wall, and often have chloroplasts and a permanent vacuole. Bacterial and yeast cells have different structures to animal and plant cells.

Dissolved substances pass into and out of cells by diffusion.

Function of cells which animal and plant cells have in common

Part Function
Nucleus Contains genetic material, which controls the activities of the cell
Cytoplasm Most chemical processes take place here, controlled by enzymes
Cell membrane Controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell
Mitochondria Most energy is released by respiration here
Ribosomes Protein synthesis happens here

Plant cells also have extra parts:

Extra parts of plant cells

Cell wall Strengthens the cell
Chloroplasts Contain chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy for photosynthesis
Permanent vacuole Filled with cell sap to help keep the cell [turgid: Having turgor; enlarged and swollen with water ]

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