Useful of Microorganisms
Microorganism / May 19, 2018

Useful of Microorganisms

Microorganisms are always present in water, in variable quantities. They often act as natural purifiers, degrading organic waste as well as pollutants found in these natural environments. Not all water is fit to drink… Only a small percentage of the many organisms present in water can be harmful to our health. If destined for human consumption, water coming from lakes…

Structure of Bacteria and Viruses
Structure / May 16, 2018

Structure of Bacteria and Viruses

Bacteria versus Virus comparison chart Bacteria Virus Ribosomes Present Absent Cell wall Peptidoglycan / Lipopolysaccharide No cell wall. Protein coat present instead. Introduction (from Wikipedia) Bacteria constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods…

Bacteria Type of cell

Bacteria Type of cell

Scientists have created a 3D image of a molecular structure that many different bacteria use to pump toxins into humans cells and spread antibiotic-resistance genes to other bacteria. Experts predict that by 2050, antibiotic-resistant bacteria will cause as many deaths as cancer. For the study, published in, researchers looked specifically at Legionella, the bacteria…

Bacterial DNA Structure
Structure / May 10, 2018

Bacterial DNA Structure

Mycoplasma pneumoniae, one of the smallest known bacteria and the source of countless infections in humans and animals, has been found to have the same genetic structure as all living cells. The discovery, by EU-funded scientists based in Barcelona’s Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), shows that even in small organisms, genes are arranged in clusters that switch…

What is the smallest Microbe?
Microbes / May 7, 2018

What is the smallest Microbe?

The smallest form of life known to science just got smaller. Four million of the newly discovered microbe - assuming the discovery, reported Friday in the journal Science, is confirmed - could fit into the period at the end of this sentence. Scientists found the microbes living in a remarkably inhospitable environment, drainage water as caustic as battery acid from…

Are Viruses eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells
Virus / May 4, 2018

Are Viruses eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells

Viruses are the simplest form of life but they are not cellular. They rely on entry into cells to reproduce. They enter and use the cell s metabolic machinery to replicate their nucleic acid and to produce their protein coats. All types of cells have their own specific viruses. In general, viruses can only infect a single species, however, there are exceptions to…

Classification of Pathogenic Microorganisms
Classification / May 1, 2018

Classification of Pathogenic Microorganisms

A | The figure depicts the six pathogen classes, as described previously. The extension of the curve below the x-axis represents the beneficial effect that interactions with Class 1 microorganisms can produce in normal hosts, whereby the host response prevents significant damage and commensalism confers a benefit to the host. Examples of pathogens classified by the…

Three Types of Microorganism
Types / April 28, 2018

Three Types of Microorganism

Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, known for their tremendous ability to adapt and multiply as well as for their ancient history. Some of the oldest known fossils-nearly 3.5 billion years old-are those of bacteria-like organisms. While some bacteria bring disease and death, others are benign or even beneficial, breaking down dead organic matter or producing…

General cell Structure
Structure / April 25, 2018

General cell Structure

| Getting Started | Cells | Genetics | Classification | Evolution | Tissues & Systems | Additional Material Cell structure [edit] What is a cell? The word cell comes from the Latin word cella , meaning small room , and it was first coined by a microscopist observing the structure of cork. The cell is the basic unit of all living things, and all organisms…

Bacterial cell Structures and Functions

Bacterial cell Structures and Functions

KEY CONCEPTS: A cell is the basic unit of life, as we understand it. Whilst the overall workings of all cells are very similar, there is no such thing as the conveniently termed ‘typical cell’ but cells within the two main groups of organisms, the prokaryotes (mainly bacteria) and the eukaryotes (higher animals and plants), have many chemical and physical features…

Bacteria and its Types
Types / April 19, 2018

Bacteria and its Types

Bacteria are microscopic single-celled organisms that are all around us. They come in many different sizes and shapes, and this is a common way to classify them—by their morphology, or shape and appearance. The three basic shapes of bacteria are spherical, rod shaped and spiral. Spiral-shaped bacteria can be further categorized depending in part on how much spiraling…

Where is DNA located in Bacteria?
Bacteria / April 16, 2018

Where is DNA located in Bacteria?

From the tiniest bug, to the tallest oak tree, and largest mammal, DNA certainly gets around. What is so incredible about this molecule is its similarity in structure and composition in all living things. This article takes a peek inside cells to find out where DNA is found. Human Cells Nucleus DNA can be found inside the nucleus of every cell, apart from red blood…

What Type of cells is Bacteria?
Types / April 13, 2018

What Type of cells is Bacteria?

They are as unrelated to human beings as living things can be, but bacteria are essential to human life and life on planet Earth. Although they are notorious for their role in causing human diseases, from tooth decay to the Black Plague, there are beneficial species that are essential to good health. For example, one species that lives symbiotically in the large intestine…

5 Different Types of Bacteria
Types / April 10, 2018

5 Different Types of Bacteria

This may be why they are sometimes confused for one another. Here’s the information you need to help tell them apart. Bacterial Meningitis Bacterial meningitis is usually severe and can even be deadly. For example, though rare, meningococcal meningitis is a type of bacterial meningitis that can cause: Serious complications, such as amputations, scarring, and brain…