Three Different Types of Bacteria
Types / January 16, 2018

Three Different Types of Bacteria

The microbes alter the gut so that only certain species can follow them. Whatever the cause of the different enterotypes, they may end up having discrete effects on people’s health. Gut microbes aid in food digestion and synthesize vitamins, using enzymes our own cells cannot make. Dr. Bork and his colleagues have found that each of the types makes a unique balance…

Viruses Bacteria Size
Virus / January 13, 2018

Viruses Bacteria Size

The amount and arrangement of the proteins and of viruses determine their size and shape. The nucleic acid and proteins of each class of viruses assemble themselves into a structure called a , or nucleocapsid. Some viruses have more than one layer of protein surrounding the nucleic acid; still others have a membrane (called an envelope), derived from the membrane…

Bacterial cell with Labels
About Microscopic Organism / January 10, 2018

Bacterial cell with Labels

Visualization of mycobacterial membrane dynamics in live cells Journal of the American Chemical Society Rodriguez-Rivera, Zhou, Theriot, and Bertozzi 2017 139 (9), pp 3488–3495 Abstract: Mycobacteria are endowed with a highly impermeable mycomembrane that confers intrinsic resistance to many antibiotics. Several unique mycomembrane glycolipids have been isolated and…

Structural Characteristics of Bacteria
Structure / January 7, 2018

Structural Characteristics of Bacteria

Main Image: Bacteria are the world’s most common organisms, with an estimated five nonimillion bacteria on Earth. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The largest Bacteria is half a millimeter long and the smallest is just 0.3 microns across. General size is between 0.5 microns and 5.0 microns. The characteristics of bacteria are among the most varied in any…

Biggest virus
Virus / January 4, 2018

Biggest virus

French researchers have found a new kind of virus so big they initially thought it must be something else. The startling discovery, which upends some long-held assumptions about the nature of viruses — namely, that they are small — led the scientists to give it a fitting name: Pandoravirus. We believe we re opening a Pandora s box — not so much for humanity but for…

Smallest Microbe
Microbes / January 1, 2018

Smallest Microbe

Insects, such as mosquitoes, can spread viruses from person to person or animal to animal. When a virus attacks your body, your body remembers it. The next time it invades, your body is ready to fight it off. Some viruses, though, like the flu, can change so you can get sick more than once. Pretty sneaky trick, huh? Sometimes viruses that normally infect animals can…

Two Types of Organism
Types / December 29, 2017

Two Types of Organism

Lichens, a mix of fungi and other organisms, are all around us, covering that tree on the side of the road or growing on an old building. The ancient combination of organisms has been a textbook example of symbiosis, a relationship between two organisms, for more than a century. It s a composite, where either algae or cyanobacteria live inside tiny structures made…

Difference between Microbes and Bacteria
Microbes / December 26, 2017

Difference between Microbes and Bacteria

Because bacteria and viruses cause many of the diseases we re familiar with, people often confuse these two microbes. But viruses are as different from bacteria as goldfish are from giraffes. For one thing, they differ greatly in size. The biggest viruses are only as large as the tiniest bacteria. Another difference is their structure. Bacteria are complex compared…

Cell Component and their Functions
Function / December 23, 2017

Cell Component and their Functions

The cell body (soma) is the factory of the neuron. It produces all the proteins for the dendrites, axons and synaptic terminals and contains specialized organelles such as the mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, secretory granules, ribosomes and polysomes to provide energy and make the parts, as well as a production line to assemble the parts into…

Smallest Bacterial cell
About Microscopic Organism / December 20, 2017

Smallest Bacterial cell

The word bacterium was probably used for the first time in the 1850s by Casimir Davaine who used the term to mean rod or staff . There are three different basic forms of bacteria. Their role is normally related to diseases. There are the bacillus; which are rectangular with sharply rounded ends, which varies in diameter between 20 µm and 0.5 µm. The second type…

Types of Harmful Microorganisms
Types / December 16, 2017

Types of Harmful Microorganisms

Bacteria are alive, can be helpful and most are harmless. That’s right, one type of these tiny single celled critters dwells in your gut, assisting in digestion of food. There exists however, harmful types of infectious bacteria that have the potential to make you feel extremely unwell. These puppies can reproduce with lightning speed, and potentially release tissue…

Soil Microorganisms Bacteria
About Microscopic Organism / December 13, 2017

Soil Microorganisms Bacteria

Amongst the different microorganisms inhabiting in the soil, bacteria are the most abundant and predominant organisms. These are primitive, prokaryotic, microscopic and unicellular microorganisms without chlorophyll. Morphologically, soil bacteria are divided into three groups viz Cocci (round/spherical), (rod-shaped) and Spirilla I Spirllum (cells with long wavy…

Does Bacteria have Cytoplasm
Bacteria / December 10, 2017

Does Bacteria have Cytoplasm

The structures of two prokaryotic cells. The bacterium (shown at the top) is a heterotroph , an organism that eats other organisms. Cyanophytes are autotrophs , organisms that make their food without eating other organisms. Most of these prokaryotic cells are small, ranging from 1 to 10 microns with a diameter no greater than 1 micron. The major differences between…

Organelles Include
About Microscopic Organism / December 7, 2017

Organelles Include

In cell biology, an organelle is a specialized structure within a cell that performs a specific function and that generally is considered to be separately enclosed within its own lipid membrane. For example, the nucleus of a cell is an organelle that maintains the integrity of genes and controls cell activity by regulating gene expression. Lysosomes are organelles…