Distribution of rennet clotting time (RCT) in 4 udder - Figure

Bacteria Groups

Bacteria / July 12, 2018

Abstract: From biofilm and colony formation in bacteria to wound healing and embryonic development in multicellular organisms, groups of living cells must often move collectively. While considerable study has probed the biophysical mechanisms of how eukaryotic cells generate forces during migration, little such study has been devoted to bacteria, in particular with regard to the question of how bacteria generate and coordinate forces during collective motion. This question is addressed here for the first time using traction force microscopy. We study two distinct motility mechanisms of Myxococcus xanthus, namely twitching and gliding. For twitching, powered by type-IV pilus retraction, we find that individual cells exert local traction in small hotspots with forces on the order of 50 pN. Twitching of bacterial groups also produces traction hotspots, however with amplified forces around 100 pN. Although twitching groups migrate slowly as a whole, traction fluctuates rapidly on timescales

Source: arxiv.org